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Publications by Nigel Larkin (academic papers, books, book chapters and conference posters etc).



For more information about the research papers - including the abstracts - visit Nigel's home pages at Academia.Edu http://norfolk.academia.edu/NigelLarkin or Researchgate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nigel_Larkin. As well as writing the following articles, Nigel has contributed information and/or photographs to the books shown on the right of this page and below.

Publications:

Lindsay, W., Larkin, N. and Smith, N. (1996). Displaying dinosaurs at the Natural History Museum, London. Curator, The Museums Journal, 39/4.

Larkin, N., Makridou, E. and Comerford, G. (1998). Plastic containers: a comparison. The Conservator, 22.

Larkin, N. and Makridou, E. (1999). Comparing gap-fillers used in conserving sub-fossil material. The Geological Curator 7 (2), 81-90.

Larkin, N., Alexander, J., and Lewis, M. (2000). Using experimental studies of recent faecal material to examine hyaena coprolites from the West Runton Freshwater Bed, Norfolk, England. Journal of Archaeological Science 27, 19-31.

Larkin, N., Makridou, E. and Blades, N. (2000). Analysis of volatile organic compounds in plastic containers used for museum storage. The Conservator, 24.

Larkin, N. (2005) Conservation of Late Miocene Fossils in Abu Dhabi. Chapter 4 in "Abu Dhabi 8 Million Years Ago: Late Miocene Fossils From the Western Region". Editors: Mark Beech and Peter Hellyer, ADIAS 2005. ISBN 9948-03188-1.

Larkin, N. (2005) Out Of Eden: The Eden Project Companion. Contributing author. Published by Eden Project Books, 2005. ISBN 1-903-91926-6.

Moore, A.W. and Larkin, N. (2006). Art at the Rockface: The Fascination of Stone in Art. Published by Phillip Wilson, 2006. 96pp.

Larkin, N. and Moore, A.W. (2006).Art at the Rockface - making an exhibition on the fascination of stone. Deposits, issue 5, 34-37.

Larkin, N. and Moore, A.W. (2006). Art at the Rockface - making an exhibition on the fascination of stone.. The Magazine of the Geological Association, Vol. 5, No. 2, June 2006, p16-17.

Hoare, P.G., Larkin, N.R. and Connell, E.R (2006). The earliest appearance of Norwegian indicator erratics in the glacial succession of Northeast Norfolk.. Quaternary Research Association Bulletin.

Ashton, N., Parfitt, S.A., Lewis, S.G. Coppe, R. and Larkin, N. (2008). Happisburgh Site 1 (TG388307).in: East Anglian Field Guide. Edited by Candy, I., Lee, J.T., and Harrison, A.M. Quaternary Research Association, 2008.

Hoare, P.G., Larkin, N.R. (2008). The glacial erratic collection at Norwich Castle Museum.. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Norfolk, 58, 37-61.

Hoare, P.G., Gale, S.J., Robinson, R.A.J., Connell, E.R. & Larkin, N.R.,. (2009) Marine Isotope Stage 7–6 transition age for beach sediments at Morston, north Norfolk, U.K.: implications for Pleistocene chronology, stratigraphy and tectonics.. Journal of Quaternary Science 24, 311–316.

Simon A. Parfitt, Nick M. Ashton, Simon G. Lewis, Richard L. Abel, G. Russell Coope, Mike H. Field, Rowena Gale, Peter G. Hoare, Nigel R. Larkin, Mark D. Lewis, Vassil Karloukovski, Barbara A. Maher, Sylvia M. Peglar, Richard C. Preece, John E. Whittaker & Chris B. Stringer. (2010) Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature 466, 229-233 (8 July 2010).

Stuart, A.J. & Larkin, N.R. (2010). Taphonomy of the West Runton Mammoth. Quaternary International 228, 217e232.

Nigel R. Larkin (2010). Literally a ‘mammoth task’: The conservation, preparation and curation of the West Runton Mammoth skeleton. Quaternary International 228, 233e240.

Larkin, N.R., O'Connor S. and Parsons (2010). The virtual and physical preparation of the Collard plesiosaur from Bridgwater Bay, Somerset, UK.. The Geological Curator 9 (3): 107 - 116.

Parfitt, S.A. & Larkin, N.R. (2010). Exceptionally large hyaena coprolites from West Runton and the possible presence of the giant short-faced hyaena (Pachycrocuta brevirostris). In: The larger Carnivora of the West Runton Freshwater Bed, by Mark Lewis, Martina Pacher & Alan Turner. Quaternary International xxx (2010) 1-20.

Larkin, N.R. & P.E.P. Norton (2010). The Pliocene and Pleistocene mollusc archive at Norwich Castle Museum. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Norfolk, no.60, 3-35.

Larkin, N.R, Lee, J.R. and Connell, R. (2011). Possible ice-rafted erratics in late Early to early Middle Pleistocene shallow marine and coastal deposits in northeast Norfolk, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 134, 2011.

Buckley, M., Larkin, N. and Collins, M. (2011). Mammoth and Mastodon collagen sequences; survival and utility. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 75, Issue 7, 1 April 2011, Pages 2007-2016.

Larkin, N.R. (2011). Pyrite Decay: cause and effect, prevention and cure. In The Newsletter of the Natural Sciences Collections Association, Issue 21, August 2011, p 35-43. ISSN No. 1741-3974.

J.R. Stewart, S. Aspinall, M. Beech, P. Fenberg, P. Hellyer, N. Larkin, S.W. Lokier, F.G. Marx, M. Meyer, R. Miller, P.S. Rainbow, J.D. Taylor, J.E. Whittaker, K. Al-Mehsin & C.J. Strohmenger. Biotically constrained palaeoenvironmental conditions of a mid-Holocene intertidal lagoon on the southern shore of the Arabian Gulf: evidence associated with a whale skeleton at Musaffah, Abu Dhabi, UAE.. Quaternary Science Reviews (November 2011).

O'Connor, S. and Larkin, N. R. (2012). Conservation of the faunal remains. In: ‘Neanderthals Among Mammoths: Excavations at Lynford Quarry, Norfolk’. English Heritage, 2012.

Larkin, N.R. (2012). Adulterating polypropylene containers: not a clear open and shut case. NatSCA News, The Newsletter of the Natural Sciences Collections Association, Issue 22, March 2012, pages 80-82.

Larkin, N.R. (2012). Mobile Macrophotography. NatSCA News, The Newsletter of the Natural Sciences Collections Association, Issue 22, March 2012, pages 14-17.

Larkin, N.R. & Hoare, P.G. (2012). The geological Heritage of Banham, South Norfolk: cider, bricks and tunnel vision. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Norfolk, 62, 3-19.

Larkin, N.R. (2013). Why look at fossils in infra-red? Programme and Abstracts 61st Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 22nd Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, Edinburgh, 27th–30th August 2013. Edited by Stig Walsh, Nick Fraser, Stephen Brusatte, Jeff Liston and Vicen Carrió.

Larkin, N.R. (2013). An intriguing new vertebrate fossil from Lyme Regis. Programme and Abstracts 61st Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 22nd Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, Edinburgh, 27th–30th August 2013. Edited by Stig Walsh, Nick Fraser, Stephen Brusatte, Jeff Liston and Vicen Carrió. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/LRfish.pdf

Larkin, N.R. (2013). Infrared thermal imaging as a collections management tool. Journal of Natural Science Collections, Volume 1, 2013. Pp 59 - 65.

Larkin, N.R. (2013). Baffling Bones From Lyme Regis. Deposits Magazine, Volume 38, 2013. Pp 44 - 47.

Alistair Bowden, Dean R.Lomax, Peter Robinson and Nigel R. Larkin. (2014). The History of Palaeontology at Doncaster Museum. Geological Curator 01.2014; Volume 10(1): pp 22 - 45.

Dean R. Lomax, Peter Robinson, Christopher J. Cleal, Alistair Bowden and Nigel R. Larkin. (2014). Exceptional preservation of Upper Carboniferous (lower Westphalian) fossils from Edlington, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, UK. Geological Journal 08/2014; DOI: 10.1002/gj.2602.

Nigel R. Larkin, G. Russell Coope, Jonathan R. Lee and Barbara Silva. (2014). Early Middle Pleistocene sediments at Sidestrand, northeast Norfolk, yield the most extensive preglacial cold stage beetle assemblage from Britain. Quaternary International, 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.03.036

Larkin, N.R. (2014). Infrared thermal imaging as a collections management tool. Programme and Abstracts 62nd Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 23rd Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, York, September 2014. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/infraredposter.pdf

Larkin, N.R. (2014). A Tale of Two Mysticeti. Programme and Abstracts 62nd Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 23rd Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, York, September 2014. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/twomysteceti.pdf

Larkin, N.R. and Lomax, D. R. (2014). A Humerus Tale: Investigating and recording a new species of Ichthyosaurus from Pleinsbachian deposits at Charmouth, England. Programme and Abstracts 62nd Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 23rd Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, York, September 2014. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/DoncasterIchthyosaur.pdf

Nigel R. Larkin, Janet West and Laura Porro. (2015). Cleaning a dolphin skull and mandible to enable assessment of an unusual mid-nineteenth century scrimshaw. Journal of Natural Science Collections, 2. pp 29-34. 2015.

Larkin, N.R. (2015). Using an infrared thermal imaging camera can help you to understand the complexities of your museum environments in much more detail than any other method. SPNHC Connection, March 2015, Vol 29 number 12, pp. 32 - 34 (ISSN 2376-239X).

Stephen W. Lokier, Mark D. Bateman, Nigel R. Larkin, Philip Rye, John R. Stewart. (2015). Late Quaternary sea-level changes of the Persian Gulf. Quaternary Research, Volume 84, Issue 1, July 2015, Pages 69-81.

Larkin, N.R. and Lomax, D.R. (2015). An unexpected journey: the fall and rise of Ichthyosaurus anningae, from fossil to plaster cast to holotype. The Geological Curator 10 (3): 107-119.

Larkin, N.R. (2015). Recording, dismantling, cleaning and packing Cambridge University's 70ft-long Finback Whale skeleton. Poster for NatSCA's 'Bone Day' conference 2015: 'Bone collections: using, conserving and understanding osteology in Museums', Cambridge Univesirty Museum of Zoology, 8th September 2015. See: www.natural-history-conservation.com/CambridgeFinbackWhaleSkeleton.pdf

Larkin, N.R. (2015). Japanese tissue paper: some uses in osteological conservation. Poster for NatSCA's 'Bone Day' conference 2015: 'Bone collections: using, conserving and understanding osteology in Museums', Cambridge Univesirty Museum of Zoology, 8th September 2015. See: www.natural-history-conservation.com/JapaneseTissueOsteology.pdf

Larkin, N.R. (2015). Bones of Contention: common problems encountered when remounting museum skeletons and how to resolve them. Presentation for NatSCA's 'Bone Day' conference 2015: 'Bone collections: using, conserving and understanding osteology in Museums', Cambridge Univesirty Museum of Zoology, 8th September 2015.

Larkin, N. R. 2016. Cleaning, packing and moving a 115 year old taxidermied adult male orang-utan, stuck in a very fragile old nest of leaves in a tree with other nests. Journal of Natural Science Collections, Vol 3: 38-42.

Larkin, N. R. 2016. A method to safely move mounted skeletons. Journal of Natural Science Collections, Vol 3: 29-37.

Larkin, N. R. 2016. Japanese tissue paper and its use in osteological conservation. Journal of Natural Science Collections, Vol 3: 62-67.

Larkin, N. R. and Buttler, C. J. (2016). Meeting the challenge of displaying a giant fossil. Earth Heritage 46.

Larkin, N. R. and Buttler, C. J. (2016). A ton of trouble: cleaning, conserving and mounting a large 300 million year old giant clubmoss plant fossil from north Wales for display. Programme and Abstracts 64th Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 25th Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, August 2016. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/StigmariaPoster.pdf

Larkin, N. R., Lomax, D. R., Boomer, I and Smithson, K. (2016). The discovery of a rare neonate Ichthyosaurus communis skeleton at the Lapworth Museum of Geology and the research to determine its lost provenance. Poster. Programme and Abstracts 64th Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 25th Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, August 2016. See: www.natural-history-conservation.com/NeonateIchthyosaur.pdf

Larkin, N. R., Lomax, D.R., Meehitiya, L, Dey, S and Porro, L. (2016). The discovery in a museum collection of the largest known skeleton of Ichthyosaurus in the world and its redisplay, including 3D printing missing bones. Programme and Abstracts 64th Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy & 25th Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation & Geological Curators’ Group meeting, August 2016. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/ThinktankIchthyosaurPoster.pdf

Larkin, N. R. & Donovan, S.K. (2016). Palaeoecology of a reworked, Late Cretaceous inoceramid bivalve: Crimplesham, East Anglia, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 127.3 (2016): 391-394: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2016.02.011.

Larkin, N.R. and Buttler, C.J. (2016). Conserving and mounting a large 300 million year old fossilised giant clubmoss plant from north Wales for display. The Geological Curator 10 (6): 243 - 252.

Larkin, N.R. (2017). Challenges behind the Biddulph restoration. Earth Heritage 47: 33.

Larkin, N.R. and Porro, L.B. (2016). Three legs good, four legs better: making a quagga whole again with 3D printing. Collection Forum, 30(1):73–84. See: http://dx.doi.org/10.14351/2015.08.15

Larkin, N.R. and Dey, S. (2017). Replicating the 1.8m long skull of Pliosaurus carpenteri for display. Presentation at the 26th meeting of the Symposium of Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation, Birmingham University.

Larkin, N.R. and Dey, S. (2017). Recording the uncollectable with low cost low tech: successful photogrammetry in the field using a mobile phone to create digital 3D models. Poster presented at The 65th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Birmingham University. http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/PhotogrammetryPoster.pdf

Lomax, R., Larkin, N.R., Boomer, I., Dey, S. and Copestake, P. (2017). The first known neonate Ichthyosaurus communis skeleton: a rediscovered specimen from the Lower Jurassic, UK. Historical Biology (2017): 1-10. See: https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2017.1382488

Larkin, N.R. & Dey, S. (2017). "One way to 'collect' a massive specimen - simple photogrammetry in the field usinga a mobile phone. Deposits, 52, p15-18.

Larkin, N.R. (2018). Wrestling with the Yationtota Tusker: Cleaning, conserving and mounting an intriguing Asian elephant skeleton. Journal of Natural Science Collections, 5, p98-109.

Larkin, N.R. 2018. Keep calm and call the conservator: Your specimen may be salvageable. Poster presented at 'Pyrite Oxidation: Where are we now?', The Natural History Museum, London, 10th May 2018. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/PyriteDecayPoster.pdf

Henton, T., Larkin, N.R., Shelton, D., Etches, S. and Sanson, I. (2018). A mystery fossil from the Kimmeridge (Upper Jurassic) of Dorset, UK - The Oldest Urolith on Record. Poster presented at The 66th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Manchester University, September 2018. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/UrolithPoster.pdf

Larkin, N.R. and Dey, Steven. (2018). Mounting the Type specimen of Pliosaurus carpenteri, an 8m-long fossil pliosaur (extinct marine reptile) skeleton for Bristol City Museum, including the 3D-printed 1.8m-long skull. Poster presented at ‘Caring for Natural Science Collections: A one day conference exploring advances in conservation’ held on the 17th October 2018 at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/BristolPliosaurPoster.pdf

Nigel R. Larkin & Simon Jackson (2018). Cleaning, conservation, moulding, casting, photogrammetry, 3D printing, blacksmithing, welding and heaps of horse manure: essential ingredients to successfully display a recently deceased fin whaleskeleton. Poster presented at ‘Caring for Natural Science Collections: A one day conference exploring advances in conservation’ on the 17th October 2018 at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History. See: http://www.natural-history-conservation.com/CarlisleWhalePoster.pdf

Lomax, D. R., Porro, L. B. and Larkin, N. R. (2019). Descriptive anatomy of the largest known specimen of Protoichthyosaurus prostaxalis (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria) including computed tomography and digital reconstruction of a three-dimensional skull. PeerJ. See: https://peerj.com/articles/6112/

Jackson, S. and Larkin, N.R., (2018). Driggsby the fin whale’s museum ecosystem: the collection, conservation, and installation of a new museum icon.. Journal of Natural Science Collections, 6, pp.87-98.





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